Proceedings of The Physiological Society

Europhysiology 2018 (London, UK) (2018) Proc Physiol Soc 41, PCA017

Poster Communications

Gender differences in the systolic blood pressure in young healthy adults

M. Bade1, C. Saha2

1. Physiology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Banepa, Kavrepalanchok, Nepal. 2. Physiology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal.


Gender and aging influence systolic blood pressure, component of arterial hemodynamic function. Hypertension is more prevalent in male than in female. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is an indicator of cardiovascular risk. High SBP indicates risk of heart disease and stroke. This study was designed to determine the gender differences in SBP in young healthy adults. 120 subjects (male - 60 and female- 60) within the age group of 19 -21 years were included in the study. Subjects with a habit of smoking, history of diabetes, hypertension and who were under medication were excluded from the study. The study was performed with the written informed consent of participants. Anthropometirc parameters like Height (cm), weight (kg), Body Mass Index (BMI kg/m2) were calculated. The blood pressure was recorded in supine position using standardized mercury sphygmomanometer in the left arm by auscultatory method. Two blood pressure readings were taken at an interval of 10 minutes. The average of the two recorded systolic values and two diastolic values were taken as SBP and Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) respectively. Data was expressed as mean ± SD, compared by Independent t test. BMI was not significantly different between males and females (male: 22.59±2.94 kg/m2 and female: 21.74±3.66 kg/m2 respectively). There was significant difference in SBP between males and females (male: 119.95±11.46 mmHg, female: 112.62±8.84 mmHg, p < 0.01). DBP was not significantly different between males and females (male: 75.67±9.51 mmHg, female: 72.38 ±9.63 mmHg respectively). SBP was significantly higher in males than in females. In conclusion, gender differences exist in SBP in young healthy adults.

Where applicable, experiments conform with Society ethical requirements